Group psychotherapy includes 2 kinds of people – (a) therapists and (b) a small number of patients. As the name suggests, one or more than one therapists treat several patients simultaneously. Usually, this kind of therapy is given at various locations and this includes community centers, mental health clinics, hospitals, etc
Typically, 7-12 people are involved in a group therapy and the sessions happens for 1-2 hours once or twice a week. Group therapy sessions are normally carried out throughout the year. And, these sessions can be in 2 forms – open and closed. In an open session, new patients can participate and join. But, in a closed session, only members of the core group can take part in it.
Advantages of group therapy
It helps patients to interact, support and inspire other participants in the group.
Boost in Confidence
Confidence of patients increase as they see that others are also facing similar kinds of problems.
Be Role Models
It helps patients to be role models of others in the same group.
It is very cost-effective since therapists can treat a huge group of patients.
Safe for Patients
It allows patients to take actions in a safe and secure environment.
The therapist can check how patients are behaving in a social situation.
Types of problems addressed in group therapy
Group therapy is primarily used to treat different kinds of psychological problems and this includes:
- Problems in interpersonal relationships
- Anxiety and depression
- Feelings of seclusion
Who are the ideal candidates for group therapy?
Group therapy can be used to treat various kinds of people and they are:
- Patients suffering from depression
- Patients who gets panicked easily
- Patients who have addictions
- Patients who need family therapy
Therapeutic principles of group therapy
The 8 therapeutic principles of group therapy are given below:
- Socialization techniques
- Interpersonal learning
- Imitative behavior
Group therapy helps patients to overcome their problems through mutual interaction, sharing of experiences, learning of new social skills and imitating the behavior of the therapist in a safe and secured environment. It gives a sense of belongingness and a common goal to patients. And this works like a magic for them.